Simple Steps To Better Dental Health
Search
Help
space placeholder.space placeholder
Featuring consumer information from Columbia School of Dental & Oral Surgery
.
HomeFree E-mail
Oral Health Made Simple: Your Prescription For Knowledge
 PREVENT PROBLEMS
Small BoxAll About Cavities
Small BoxBrushing and Flossing
Small BoxFluoride
Small BoxMouth-Healthy Eating
Small BoxSealants
Small BoxTaking Care of Your Teeth
Small BoxTobacco
Small BoxYour Dental Visit
Small BoxMORE
 CONDITIONS
Small BoxBad Breath
Small BoxCavities
Small BoxCold Sores
Small BoxDry Mouth
Small BoxImpacted Tooth
Small BoxSensitive Teeth
Small BoxTMJ
Small BoxTooth Discoloration
Small BoxMORE
 TREATMENTS
Small BoxCrowns
Small BoxDentures
Small BoxFillings: The Basics
Small BoxGum Surgery
Small BoxImplants
Small BoxRoot Canal Treatment
Small BoxScaling and Root Planing
Small BoxWhitening
Small BoxMORE
 GENERAL TOPICS
Small BoxControlling Pain
Small BoxCosmetic Dentistry
Small BoxEmergencies
Small BoxFill, Repair, Replace
Small BoxKids And Teens
Small BoxOral Health and Your Body
Small BoxOrthodontics
Small BoxPeriodontics
Small BoxSeniors
Small BoxMORE
.
Step 1 Prevent ProblemsSimplestepsPrevent Problems
Step 2 Understand ConditionsSimplestepsUnderstand Conditions
Step 3 Explore TreatmentsSimplestepsExplore Treatments

go to Interactive Tools go to Parents' Guide go to Dental Drugs go to News go to Ask The Dentist

graphic for Dental News showing newspaper
.
.

Gum Disease Puts Some Pregnancies at Risk
January 22, 2014

By Nancy Volkers
InteliHealth News Service

INTELIHEALTH - Having gum disease during pregnancy may put some women at risk for pre-eclampsia, though researchers are not clear why.

A study from India involved 504 women who were pregnant with their first child. They were examined by a dentist between the 14th and 18th weeks of their pregnancies. Researchers also collected blood samples. These were tested for levels of several immune-system proteins.

Compared with women who had healthy gums, women with periodontal (gum) disease had higher levels of two immune-system proteins:

  • Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha)
  • Interleukin-4 (IL-4)

TNF-alpha helps the body to fight off bacteria, as well as some viruses and fungal infections. IL-4 is another key player in the immune system.

Researchers kept track of the women until after they gave birth. Among those with gum disease, women with lower levels of TNF-alpha were more likely to be diagnosed with pre-eclampsia. This is a complication of pregnancy. Symptoms include high blood pressure and high protein levels in urine. Mild cases of pre-eclampsia can be handled at home, but some women need hospital care.

Researchers did not suggest why lower levels of TNF-alpha would be linked with an increased risk of pre-eclampsia.

Results from other studies show that gum disease increases a pregnant woman's risk of pre-eclampsia. A 2011 study found a greater risk of pre-eclampsia for women with gum disease. However, those researchers found similar levels of TNF-alpha in women with and without gum disease.

The Indian study appears in the January issue of the Journal of Clinical Periodontology.

.
printer friendly format option iconPrinter-friendly version     
.
printer friendly format option iconPrinter-friendly version
 
......
Powered by Aetna Dental Plans

© 2002-2014 Aetna, Inc. All rights reserved. All information is intended for your general knowledge only and is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment for specific medical conditions. You should seek prompt medical care for any specific health issues and consult your physician before starting a new fitness regimen. Use of this online service is subject to the disclaimer and the terms and conditions. External website links provided on this site are meant for convenience and for informational purposes only; they do not constitute an endorsement. These external links open in a different window.