Simple Steps To Better Dental Health
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Featuring consumer information from Columbia School of Dental & Oral Surgery
Oral Health Made Simple: Your Prescription For Knowledge
Small BoxAll About Cavities
Small BoxBrushing and Flossing
Small BoxFluoride
Small BoxMouth-Healthy Eating
Small BoxSealants
Small BoxTaking Care of Your Teeth
Small BoxTobacco
Small BoxYour Dental Visit
Small BoxMORE
Small BoxBad Breath
Small BoxCavities
Small BoxCold Sores
Small BoxDry Mouth
Small BoxImpacted Tooth
Small BoxSensitive Teeth
Small BoxTMJ
Small BoxTooth Discoloration
Small BoxMORE
Small BoxCrowns
Small BoxDentures
Small BoxFillings: The Basics
Small BoxGum Surgery
Small BoxImplants
Small BoxRoot Canal Treatment
Small BoxScaling and Root Planing
Small BoxWhitening
Small BoxMORE
Small BoxControlling Pain
Small BoxCosmetic Dentistry
Small BoxEmergencies
Small BoxFill, Repair, Replace
Small BoxKids And Teens
Small BoxOral Health and Your Body
Small BoxOrthodontics
Small BoxPeriodontics
Small BoxSeniors
Small BoxMORE
Step 1 Prevent ProblemsSimplestepsPrevent Problems
Step 2 Understand ConditionsSimplestepsUnderstand Conditions
Step 3 Explore TreatmentsSimplestepsExplore Treatments

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Back to Periodontics
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Periodontal Disease: The Sequence of Destruction
Healthy . Gingivitis
Healthy gums are pink and firm. They don't bleed during brushing and flossing.

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Gums are inflamed, appearing red and puffy around the teeth. They may bleed during brushing or flossing.

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Early Moderate
The inflammation has spread to the structures supporting the teeth. The gums begin to separate from the teeth, forming pockets.

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Supporting fibers and bone continue to be destroyed. The gums may recede. Teeth may be sensitive to hot and cold. Some teeth may be slightly loose.

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Significant amounts of supporting fibers and bone have been destroyed. Teeth may become extremely loose. Gums may bleed spontaneously. Pus may ooze from under the gum line.

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Illustrations created by Simple Steps designer Lynda Buchhalter

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