Sialoliths affect about 1 out of 100 adults. Men are affected twice as often as women.
Most sialoliths — up to 9 out of 10 — occur in the submandibular salivary gland. They also can occur in the parotid, sublingual and minor salivary glands.
It is not clear what causes these stones to form. Experts think that inflammation, irritation and some medicines increase the risk of developing them. Some people are more likely to form sialoliths than others. They include people who:
Any infections will be treated with antibiotics.