Simple Steps To Better Dental Health
Search
Help
space placeholder.space placeholder
Featuring consumer information from Columbia School of Dental & Oral Surgery
.
HomeFree E-mail
Oral Health Made Simple: Your Prescription For Knowledge
 PREVENT PROBLEMS
Small BoxAll About Cavities
Small BoxBrushing and Flossing
Small BoxFluoride
Small BoxMouth-Healthy Eating
Small BoxSealants
Small BoxTaking Care of Your Teeth
Small BoxTobacco
Small BoxYour Dental Visit
Small BoxMORE
 CONDITIONS
Small BoxBad Breath
Small BoxCavities
Small BoxCold Sores
Small BoxDry Mouth
Small BoxImpacted Tooth
Small BoxSensitive Teeth
Small BoxTMJ
Small BoxTooth Discoloration
Small BoxMORE
 TREATMENTS
Small BoxCrowns
Small BoxDentures
Small BoxFillings: The Basics
Small BoxGum Surgery
Small BoxImplants
Small BoxRoot Canal Treatment
Small BoxScaling and Root Planing
Small BoxWhitening
Small BoxMORE
 GENERAL TOPICS
Small BoxControlling Pain
Small BoxCosmetic Dentistry
Small BoxEmergencies
Small BoxFill, Repair, Replace
Small BoxKids And Teens
Small BoxOral Health and Your Body
Small BoxOrthodontics
Small BoxPeriodontics
Small BoxSeniors
Small BoxMORE
.
Step 1 Prevent ProblemsSimplestepsPrevent Problems
Step 2 Understand ConditionsSimplestepsUnderstand Conditions
Step 3 Explore TreatmentsSimplestepsExplore Treatments

go to Interactive Tools go to Parents' Guide go to Dental Drugs go to News go to Ask The Dentist

Back to Interactive Tools And Illustrations
New reviewed by Columbia banner
.
.
Tooth Numbering

If you were trying to tell your dentist which tooth was giving you problems, chances are you'd say something like, "It's the pointy one on the top left side of my mouth," or "It's the fifth one back from the front on the right side on the bottom." With 32 teeth in the typical adult's mouth, the descriptions can get pretty complicated and confusing.

Numbering systems have been developed to have a standard way of referring to particular teeth. Two are commonly in use today. The Universal Numbering System has been adopted by the American Dental Association (ADA). Most general dentists use this system. The Palmer Notation Method is used by many orthodontists and oral surgeons.

In the Universal Numbering System, the teeth that should be there are numbered. If you are missing your wisdom teeth (the molars farthest back in your mouth), your first number will be 2 instead of 1, acknowledging the missing tooth. If you've had teeth removed or teeth are missing, the missing teeth will be numbered as well.

Universal Numbering System
Illustrations created by Simple Steps designer
Michael Becker


Palmer Notation Method
Universal Numbering System

Adults

In this system:

  • Tooth number 1 is the tooth farthest back on the right side of your mouth in the upper (maxillary) jaw.
  • Numbering continues along your upper teeth toward the front and across to the tooth farthest back on the top left side (which is number 16).
  • The numbers continue by dropping down to the lower (mandibular) jaw. Number 17 is the tooth farthest back on the left side of your mouth on the bottom.
  • Numbering continues again toward the front and across to the tooth farthest back on the bottom right side of your mouth (which is number 32).
  • Children

    In the original system, children's 20 primary teeth are numbered in the same order, except that a small letter "d" follows each number. This letter indicates that it is a deciduous (primary or "baby") tooth. So, a child's first tooth on the upper right would be 1d and the last tooth on the lower right would be 20d.

    However, most dentists and insurance companies now use a modified version of the Universal Numbering System for children. This version uses the letters A through T instead of the numbers 1 through 20. So, a child's first tooth on the upper right would be A. The last tooth on the lower right would be T.

    Palmer Notation Method

    Adults

    In this system, the mouth is divided into four sections called quadrants. The numbers 1 through 8 and a unique symbol are used to identify the teeth in each quadrant. The numbering runs from the center of the mouth to the back.

    In the upper right section of the mouth, for example, tooth number 1 is the incisor (flat, front tooth) just to the right of the center of the mouth. The numbers continue to the right and back to tooth number 8, which is the wisdom tooth (third molar.)

    The numbers sit inside an L-shaped symbol used to identify the quadrant. The quadrants may also be identified by letters. For example, "UR" or "URQ" would mean the upper right quadrant.

    Children

    In children, the Palmer Notation System uses uppercase letters instead of numbers. Following the same order as for adult's teeth, children's 20 primary teeth are lettered "A" through "E" in each quadrant. The same symbol is used to identify the quadrants.

    .
    printer friendly format option iconPrinter-friendly version     
    .
    .
    .
    printer friendly format option iconPrinter-friendly version
     
    ......
    Powered by Aetna Dental Plans

    © 2002-2014 Aetna, Inc. All rights reserved. All information is intended for your general knowledge only and is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment for specific medical conditions. You should seek prompt medical care for any specific health issues and consult your physician before starting a new fitness regimen. Use of this online service is subject to the disclaimer and the terms and conditions. External website links provided on this site are meant for convenience and for informational purposes only; they do not constitute an endorsement. These external links open in a different window.